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fpm: Add public header for Forwarding Plane Manager

The Forwarding Plane Manager (FPM) is an optional component that may
be used in scenarios where the router has a forwarding path that is
distinct from the kernel, commonly a hardware-based fast path. It is
responsible for programming forwarding information (such as routes and
nexthops) in the fast path.

In Quagga, the Routing Information Base is maintained in the 'zebra'
infrastructure daemon. Routing protocols communicate their best routes
to zebra, and zebra computes the best route across protocols for each
prefix. This latter information comprises the bulk of the Forwarding
Information Base.

The new header file added by this patch, 'fpm/fpm.h', defines a
point-to-point interface using which zebra can update the FPM about
changes in routes. The communication takes place over a stream
socket. The FPM listens on a well-known TCP port, and zebra initiates
the connection.

All messages sent over the connection start with a short 'FPM header'.
In the case of route add/delete messages, the header is followed by a
netlink message. Zebra should send a complete copy of the forwarding
table(s) to the FPM, including routes that it may have picked up from
the kernel.

The FPM interface uses replace semantics. That is, if a 'route add'
message for a prefix is followed by another 'route add' message, the
information in the second message is complete by itself, and replaces
the information sent in the first message.

If the connection to the FPM goes down for some reason, the client
(zebra) should send the FPM a complete copy of the forwarding table(s)
when it reconnects.

Signed-off-by: Avneesh Sachdev <avneesh@opensourcerouting.org>
Signed-off-by: David Lamparter <equinox@opensourcerouting.org>
Avneesh Sachdev 6 years ago
parent
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      fpm/fpm.h

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fpm/fpm.h

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+/*
+ * Public definitions pertaining to the Forwarding Plane Manager component.
+ *
+ * Permission is granted to use, copy, modify and/or distribute this
+ * software under either one of the licenses below.
+ *
+ * Note that if you use other files from the Quagga tree directly or
+ * indirectly, then the licenses in those files still apply.
+ *
+ * Please retain both licenses below when modifying this code in the
+ * Quagga tree.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 by Open Source Routing.
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 by Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
+ */
+
+/*
+ * License Option 1: GPL
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
+ * Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
+ * any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
+ * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
+ * 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * License Option 2: ISC License
+ *
+ * Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software
+ * for any purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided
+ * that the above copyright notice and this permission notice appear
+ * in all copies.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL
+ * WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED
+ * WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
+ * AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR
+ * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS
+ * OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
+ * NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN
+ * CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _FPM_H
+#define _FPM_H
+
+/*
+ * The Forwarding Plane Manager (FPM) is an optional component that
+ * may be used in scenarios where the router has a forwarding path
+ * that is distinct from the kernel, commonly a hardware-based fast
+ * path. It is responsible for programming forwarding information
+ * (such as routes and nexthops) in the fast path.
+ *
+ * In Quagga, the Routing Information Base is maintained in the
+ * 'zebra' infrastructure daemon. Routing protocols communicate their
+ * best routes to zebra, and zebra computes the best route across
+ * protocols for each prefix. This latter information comprises the
+ * bulk of the Forwarding Information Base.
+ *
+ * This header file defines a point-to-point interface using which
+ * zebra can update the FPM about changes in routes. The communication
+ * takes place over a stream socket. The FPM listens on a well-known
+ * TCP port, and zebra initiates the connection.
+ *
+ * All messages sent over the connection start with a short FPM
+ * header, fpm_msg_hdr_t. In the case of route add/delete messages,
+ * the header is followed by a netlink message. Zebra should send a
+ * complete copy of the forwarding table(s) to the FPM, including
+ * routes that it may have picked up from the kernel.
+ *
+ * The FPM interface uses replace semantics. That is, if a 'route add'
+ * message for a prefix is followed by another 'route add' message, the
+ * information in the second message is complete by itself, and replaces
+ * the information sent in the first message.
+ *
+ * If the connection to the FPM goes down for some reason, the client
+ * (zebra) should send the FPM a complete copy of the forwarding
+ * table(s) when it reconnects.
+ */
+
+#define FPM_DEFAULT_PORT 2620
+
+/*
+ * Largest message that can be sent to or received from the FPM.
+ */
+#define FPM_MAX_MSG_LEN 4096
+
+/*
+ * Header that precedes each fpm message to/from the FPM.
+ */
+typedef struct fpm_msg_hdr_t_
+{
+  /*
+   * Protocol version.
+   */
+  uint8_t version;
+
+  /*
+   * Type of message, see below.
+   */
+  uint8_t msg_type;
+
+  /*
+   * Length of entire message, including the header, in network byte
+   * order.
+   *
+   * Note that msg_len is rounded up to make sure that message is at
+   * the desired alignment. This means that some payloads may need
+   * padding at the end.
+   */
+  uint16_t msg_len;
+} fpm_msg_hdr_t;
+
+/*
+ * The current version of the FPM protocol is 1.
+ */
+#define FPM_PROTO_VERSION 1
+
+typedef enum fpm_msg_type_e_ {
+  FPM_MSG_TYPE_NONE = 0,
+
+  /*
+   * Indicates that the payload is a completely formed netlink
+   * message.
+   */
+  FPM_MSG_TYPE_NETLINK = 1,
+} fpm_msg_type_e;
+
+/*
+ * The FPM message header is aligned to the same boundary as netlink
+ * messages (4). This means that a netlink message does not need
+ * padding when encapsulated in an FPM message.
+ */
+#define FPM_MSG_ALIGNTO 4
+
+/*
+ * fpm_msg_align
+ *
+ * Round up the given length to the desired alignment.
+ */
+static inline size_t
+fpm_msg_align (size_t len)
+{
+  return (len + FPM_MSG_ALIGNTO - 1) & ~(FPM_MSG_ALIGNTO - 1);
+}
+
+/*
+ * The (rounded up) size of the FPM message header. This ensures that
+ * the message payload always starts at an aligned address.
+ */
+#define FPM_MSG_HDR_LEN (fpm_msg_align (sizeof (fpm_msg_hdr_t)))
+
+/*
+ * fpm_data_len_to_msg_len
+ *
+ * The length value that should be placed in the msg_len field of the
+ * header for a *payload* of size 'data_len'.
+ */
+static inline size_t
+fpm_data_len_to_msg_len (size_t data_len)
+{
+  return fpm_msg_align (data_len) + FPM_MSG_HDR_LEN;
+}
+
+/*
+ * fpm_msg_data
+ *
+ * Pointer to the payload of the given fpm header.
+ */
+static inline void *
+fpm_msg_data (fpm_msg_hdr_t *hdr)
+{
+  return ((char*) hdr) + FPM_MSG_HDR_LEN;
+}
+
+/*
+ * fpm_msg_len
+ */
+static inline size_t
+fpm_msg_len (const fpm_msg_hdr_t *hdr)
+{
+  return ntohs (hdr->msg_len);
+}
+
+/*
+ * fpm_msg_data_len
+ */
+static inline size_t
+fpm_msg_data_len (const fpm_msg_hdr_t *hdr)
+{
+  return (fpm_msg_len (hdr) - FPM_MSG_HDR_LEN);
+}
+
+/*
+ * fpm_msg_next
+ *
+ * Move to the next message in a buffer.
+ */
+static inline fpm_msg_hdr_t *
+fpm_msg_next (fpm_msg_hdr_t *hdr, size_t *len)
+{
+  size_t msg_len;
+
+  msg_len = fpm_msg_len (hdr);
+
+  if (len) {
+    if (*len < msg_len)
+      {
+	assert(0);
+	return NULL;
+      }
+    *len -= msg_len;
+  }
+
+  return (fpm_msg_hdr_t *) (((char*) hdr) + msg_len);
+}
+
+/*
+ * fpm_msg_hdr_ok
+ *
+ * Returns TRUE if a message header looks well-formed.
+ */
+static inline int
+fpm_msg_hdr_ok (const fpm_msg_hdr_t *hdr)
+{
+  size_t msg_len;
+
+  if (hdr->msg_type == FPM_MSG_TYPE_NONE)
+    return 0;
+
+  msg_len = fpm_msg_len (hdr);
+
+  if (msg_len < FPM_MSG_HDR_LEN || msg_len > FPM_MAX_MSG_LEN)
+    return 0;
+
+  if (fpm_msg_align (msg_len) != msg_len)
+    return 0;
+
+  return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * fpm_msg_ok
+ *
+ * Returns TRUE if a message looks well-formed.
+ *
+ * @param len The length in bytes from 'hdr' to the end of the buffer.
+ */
+static inline int
+fpm_msg_ok (const fpm_msg_hdr_t *hdr, size_t len)
+{
+  if (len < FPM_MSG_HDR_LEN)
+    return 0;
+
+  if (!fpm_msg_hdr_ok (hdr))
+    return 0;
+
+  if (fpm_msg_len (hdr) > len)
+    return 0;
+
+  return 1;
+}
+
+#endif /* _FPM_H */